It would not be economizing fact very much to say that this man was literally shot to pieces.
–Assistant Surgeon C. B. Ewing
According to the 7th Cavalry field return of 31 December 1890, Captain Moylan’s A Troop suffered a sergeant and four privates killed in action, and the same number and ranks wounded in action, two of whom later died from the effects of their wounds. One of those troopers that died from his wounds was Private Herman Granberg, a twenty-nine-year-old Swedish emigrant that was a little over halfway through his five year enlistment.The absence of any eyewitness accounts of where on the field of battle Granberg was wounded make it impossible to determine the circumstances of his death. According Lieutenant Cloman’s map of the battlefield (below), the soldiers of A and I Troops were in two locations when the first shot was fired. One-third of their combined strength was held in reserve and located west of the regiment’s camp on the slope of the hill upon which Captain Capron’s mountain-howitzer battery was situated. Captain Moylan later testified that one of his soldiers from the reserve was killed “about half way between the tepees and our camp.” Two-thirds of A and I Troops were dismounted forming a chain of sentinels on the east, south and west sides of the Indian camp, with the southern portion located on the far side of the ravine. Captain Moylan stated that four of his troopers in this latter group were killed. The field return indicates that Granberg died the day after the battle of Wounded Knee at the Pine Ridge Agency. In the Muster Rolls for A Troop dated 31 October to 31 December 1890, Captain Moylan states that Granberg suffered a gunshot wound to his back. Captain Charles B. Ewing, Assistant Surgeon for the Department of the Platte, who was at Wounded Knee as an observer and rendered first aid to many of the wounded, in 1892 delivered an address to the Association of Military Surgeons of the National Guard in which he provided the following details concerning Granberg’s wounds:
Born Carl Gustaf Herman Granberg on 18 January 1861 in the municipality of Eskilstuna, Södermanland county in southeastern Sweden, he was the son of Anders Eric Granberg and Charlotta Ersdotter. He left his homeland at the age of twenty-five, boarding the Orlando at Göteborg on 2 April 1886 and sailed for Hull, England, where he transferred to the S. S. Gallia at Liverpool and traveled to the new world, arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, the 29th.
…suffered four distinct gunshot wounds: one passing transversely through lumbar vertebrae from left to right, crushing and comminuting vertebrae and severely injuring the cord and its membranes, and finally lodging in the muscles of the right lumbar region; penetrating gunshot wounds of right and left arms below elbow joints; and the fourth passing through left leg just above ankle joint. It would not be economizing fact very much to say that this man was literally shot to pieces. The bullet which I now exhibit, weighing 385 grs., was removed from the right lumbar region by simple incision, without anaesthetic, immediately after his arrival in the divisional field hospital at Pine Ridge, and, as Nature had not moulded him to resist three ounces of lead in this form and method of distribution, he died shortly afterwards. The injuries of this soldier were so severe that it was hardly expected that he would survive the journey from the battlefield to the field hospital, sixteen miles distant. 
At the time of his enlistment in New York City on 24 March 1888, his recruiting officer listed him as a twenty-seven-year-old locksmith born at Eskilstuna, Sweden. He stood just under five-foot-five and had blue eyes, brown hair, and a fair complexion.Private Granberg was buried along with twenty-nine of his comrades on New Years Eve, 1890 in the Episcopal Cemetery at the Pine Ridge Agency. His body was removed to Fort Riley in October 1906 where he was interred in the post cemetery. There is no record of any siblings, nor of what became of his parents.
 National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, D.C., “Field Return of Seventh Cavalry, in the field, Dec. 31, 1890,” Returns from U.S. Military Posts, 1800-1916, Microfilm Serial: M617, Microfilm Roll: 1532.
 National Archives, “Sioux Campaign, 1890-91,” 664 – 665 (Moylan’s testimony dated 7 Jan 1891).
 United States War Department, Annual Report of the Secretary of War, (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1892), 150-155. Map of Wounded Knee.
 Adjutant General’s Office, “7th Cavalry Troop A Jan. 1885-Dec. 1897 Vol. 42,” Muster Rolls 1784-1912, Oct. 31 to Dec. 31, 1890.
Charles B. Ewing, “Address to the Association of Military Surgeons of the National Guard, April 19, 1892,” The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, Volume CXXVI, January – June 1892, (Boston: Damrell and Upham, 1892), 463-464. Ewing states that this soldier was a private in B Troop, but a thorough review of each soldier that died of wounds as reported by troop commanders on the Muster Rolls and the description of wounds and place of death listed thereon when compared to Ewings description indicates that he must have been describing Private Granberg’s wounds.
 C. & W. Earle, “Wilson Line steamship built 1869 at Hull, England,” Norway-Heritage: Hands Across The Sea, (http://www.norwayheritage.com/gallery/gallery.asp?action=viewimage&categoryid=10&text=&imageid=395&box=&shownew=), accessed 19 Jan 2019.
 Ancestry.com. Sweden, Indexed Birth Records, 1860-1941 [database on-line] (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011), Swedish Church Records Archive, Johanneshov, Sweden; Sweden, Indexed Birth Records, 1880-1920, GID Number: 100004.7.43100, Roll/Fiche Number: SC-514, Volume: 39, Year Range: 1861; Ancestry.com. Gothenburg, Sweden, Passenger Lists, 1869-1951 [database on-line], Original data: Göteborgs Poliskammare, EIX 1-143, 1869–1950, Landsarkivet i Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden; Ancestry.com, Massachusetts, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1820-1963 [database on-line] (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006), National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, D.C., Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 1917-1943, Microfilm Serial: T938, Microfilm Roll: 100.
 Ancestry.com, U.S. Army, Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914 [database on-line] (National Archives Microfilm Publication M233, 81 rolls), Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1780’s-1917, Record Group 94, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
 Adjutant General’s Office, Final Statements, 1862-1899 at Fold3, http://www.fold3.com/image/271303445/ accessed 26 Aug 2013.
 Burial Records. Several of the burial records spell his last name G-R-A-N-D-B-E-R-G with a D in the middle. I have used the spelling as indicated on this enlistment record, regimental return, muster roll and final statement.
 Samuel L. Russell, photo., taken 25 Aug 2018.
Citation for this article: Samuel L. Russell, “Private Herman Granberg, A Troop, 7th Cavalry – Died of Wounds,” Army at Wounded Knee (Sumter, SC: Russell Martial Research, 2013-2015, http://wp.me/p3NoJy-5K), updated 8 Feb 2015, accessed date __________.