Author Archives: Sam Russell

About Sam Russell

I am a fifth-generation retired Army officer with twenty-nine years of commissioned service. I have been researching the frontier Army for over eighteen years and am interested in documenting the lives of the soldiers that participated in the battle of Wounded Knee using primarily official reports, diaries, letters, newspaper articles and other primary source documents. My interest in Wounded Knee stems from my kinship to one of the principal participants. I am the great-great-grandson of Samuel M. Whitside, who was a major and battalion commander at the battle. I welcome and encourage comments on posts and pages and am always interested in any new primary sources. If you have copies of letters, diaries, etc, from participants and are willing to share, please contact me. Disclaimer: The views expressed in this blog are strictly my own, and should in no way be construed as official Army or U.S. Government positons.

Flight of Big Foot’s Band: Lieutenant Colonel Edwin V. Sumner’s Report


I was not aware that Big Foot or his people were considered hostile, and am now at a loss to understand why they were so considered, every act of theirs being within my experience directly to the contrary, and reports … Continue reading

Posted in Officers, Official Reports | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

First Sergeant Frederick Ernest Toy, G Troop, 7th Cavalry – Conspicuous Bravery and Coolness in Action


I saw the sergeant deliberately aim at and hit two Indians who had run into the ravine. –Captain Winfield S. Edgerly The first sergeant of G Troop at Wounded Knee was twenty-five-year-old Frederick E. Toy, a native of Buffalo, New … Continue reading

Posted in Award Recipients, Enlisted, Newspaper Articles | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

John Dunn, Concerned Citizen or Agitator


I told him that I did not want to see one soldier killed or one Indian killed either. That the soldiers did not want to kill any Indians unless they were compelled to. –Mr. John Dunn, cattle rancher Colonel Edwin … Continue reading

Posted in Official Reports, Reminiscences | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments